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In order to protect your wooden vessel or accessories from the damaging effects of water, it can often be necessary to apply some sort of coating to act as a barrier. That’s where spar marine varnish and spar urethane could be useful.
But what’s the difference between the two products and how do you know which one you should use? We have put together this guide to help explain what the products are and what their benefits might be.
What Is Spar Marine Varnish?
Flexible UV Protection
Spar marine varnish is a natural oil based product that is designed to protect wood. Because of its composition it is can allow wooden surfaces to maintain their flexibility. This can be beneficial for wooden surfaces, as they will be able to bend and expand and contract as needed.
Spar marine varnish is intended for coating exterior wooden surfaces that are above the water line. It can add water protection, UV and heat protection, as well as help to prevent scratches, stains and damage from chemicals or solvents.
The appearance of the finished varnished surface can vary depending on the type of varnish you choose, either gloss or satin. One thing about spar marine varnish is that you will likely need to reapply it regularly as it can often flake off or chip.
The word ‘spar’ is relative to marine, in that it is used as a term for the mast or staff on a ship, so spar varnish should be ideal for marine use, as that is essentially what it is designed for.
How To Apply It
Spar marine varnish can require several coats, with several hours in between each one to allow it to dry completely before the next coat. Natural bristle brushes or foam brushes can be ideal for application. You can also use badger hair brushes, which can give a clean finish on the final coats.
It can be important to varnish your canoe or vessel in an area that’s free of dust, wind or hot sunlight, so that it can stay clean and dry evenly.
Video: Varnishing A Canoe
What Is Spar Urethane?
Spar urethane is similar to spar marine varnish in that it acts as a protective barrier against water damage and moisture. It also has the ability to flex with the wood, expanding and contracting with changes in temperature.
One difference between this and spar marine varnish is that the spar urethane is a synthetic product and can be either oil based or water based.
Spar urethane comes in different finishes, including high gloss, semi-gloss and satin, which can allow you to choose the most suitable one for your needs.
Urethane is resistant to ultraviolet light, meaning it could help to protect your vessel against the harmful UV rays from the sun. For vessels that are outdoors for most of the time, this can definitely be beneficial, as it can help to prevent paint from fading and wood from weakening.
UV light can be particularly damaging to exposed wood. Epoxy products can also be used, yet they may not offer the same flexibility of movement as the spar urethane has, which could mean it may crack if the wood moves.
How Is It Applied?
Spar urethane can be applied to the wood using a natural bristle brush to seal the wood. Just like with the spar varnish, you should apply the urethane in a clean and dust-free environment and ensure that you clean and smooth down your boat first.
Video: Spar Urethane Application
You will probably find that you will need around two or three coats in order to get the best protection.
Spar Varnish vs Urethane: What Is Best For Marine Wood?
While both spar marine varnish and spar urethane can offer water protection for your wooden canoe, boat or paddle, the one that is best for you will likely come down to budget and/or maintenance.
With the high level of moisture protection that comes with spar urethane, this could be a good choice for coating paddles, canoes or other wooden vessels. It may also have a higher level of durability, meaning it could require re-application less frequently than spar varnish, but can often cost more.
Both spar marine varnish and spar urethane have their own benefits, such as water and UV resistance and flexibility, and can be very similar. You may find that with different brands of the products you also get slight differences in the composition, for example added UV blockers to provide additional weather protection for your craft.
Pro Tip: Spar marine varnish may require more coats than the spar urethane in order to gain the best results and durability levels, which can take longer, so patience may be needed.
Hopefully you now know the difference between spar marine varnish and spar urethane. You’ll probably have discovered that they can be pretty similar in the protection that they can give your canoe and the aesthetic appearance.
The main goal is to protect your wooden paddle or vessel from water and weather and both of these products could help you do that.
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