Inflatable Kayak vs Hardshell Comparison

So you’ve been kayaking a few times and want to invest in your own kayak but suddenly you find yourself torn between an inflatable kayak and a hardshell.

With so many models available and with the rising popularity of inflatable kayaks, it is hard to know where to start.

Don’t worry. The inflatable vs hardshell debate is a hot topic amongst even the most experienced kayakers so we’re here to help clarify things before you get started.

Inflatable vs Hardshell Kayaks Differences Explained

Inflatable Kayaks Explained

Inflatable kayaks are exactly what you imagine - kayaks that are inflated and deflated before and after use.

They’ve become increasingly popular over recent years, particularly as advancements in technology have allowed them to become progressively similar to hardshells in terms of performance.

As with most things in life, there are pros and cons to weigh up so we’ve broken them down for you.

The Pros

Weight & Size

Inflatable kayaks are lighter and easier to carry than hardshell kayaks. Don’t be fooled into thinking that because they are lighter, they’re weaker. In fact, they can actually have a higher weight threshold than some traditional kayaks.

Inflatable kayaks also pack down to fit inside a duffle bag or large backpack. This means they’re easier to store at home and a lot easier to transport (no roof rack required). You can take them hiking or even fit them in a suitcase on vacation.

Durability & Stability

Inflatable kayaks are designed specifically to withstand knocks and bumps. They bounce off rocks and hard surfaces in the event of a collision.

Similar to Inflatable Stand Up Paddle Boards, the best inflatable kayaks will be made with “drop-stitch technology” meaning that small fibers inside the board interlock whilst the board is inflated in order to create a tough surface.

Similar to Inflatable Stand Up Paddle Boards, the best inflatable kayaks will be made with “drop-stitch technology” meaning that small fibers inside the board interlock whilst the board is inflated in order to create a tough surface.

Meanwhile, the outer layer is made from durable rubber and PVC (imagine life boats and whitewater rafts). Inflatable kayaks are therefore generally more durable than hardshell kayaks.

Don’t believe the rumors about inflatable kayaks being less stable than hardshell kayaks. Usually made with a wider base, they are actually more stable. This makes them perfect for beginners and experienced kayakers.

The Cons

You Get What You Pay For...

Many people are attracted to inflatable kayaks because they think they will be far cheaper than hardshell ones. This can be true but it does depend on what kind of performance you require from your kayak and what models and brands you are interested in.

High-end brands and kayaks designed for high performance in rapids and rough seas will probably cost just as much as rigid kayaks whereas basic models designed for beginners and calm waters will probably work out cheaper.

Inflating & Deflating

Although transporting an inflatable kayak to the water will be far easier than dragging a heavy hardshell, you will need to inflate and deflate an inflatable kayak before and after use. This can take up to ten minutes with a pump but a lot longer without.

It can also be tricky to get the correct level of air into your kayak for optimum performance. This is measured in PSI (pounds per square inch).

The higher the PSI rating, the more rigid your kayak is able to become. In order to ensure your kayak performs to the level you want, you need to pay close attention to this before heading out on the water.

You also need to make sure that you wash, air and dry your board thoroughly before packing it away as otherwise it will become damp, damaged and downright smelly.


Because they are lighter than rigid kayaks, they can sometimes be harder to control. Generally speaking, rigid kayaks perform better in rough waters for this reason.

However, as technological advancements are made, inflatable kayaks are becoming increasingly effective in all sorts of water and there are several models on the market today that cater for rapids and open seas.

You just need to bear this in mind when selecting your model, especially if you’re a beginner.

Hardshells Explained

Hardshell kayaks are the traditional types of kayak made from wood, plastic, fiberglass or composite materials. Each of these materials have their advantages and disadvantages, but for the purpose of comparing hardshell with inflatable kayaks, let’s consider them one big hardshell family for now.

The Pros

Ready To Go

Despite being heavier and bulkier in transit than inflatables, hardshell kayaks make for a swifter transition to the water. There is no need to inflate the kayak so you can set off without delay.

Likewise, once you’re done you only need to transport the kayak back to the car. This is not only energy-saving and more convenient but also allows for more time enjoying the water.

More Control

This depends on the model you are using and your own capability as a kayaker, but many find that hardshell kayaks give you more control over the boat than inflatables. If you’re keen on open sea kayaking or fancy yourself as a rapid kayaker, a hardshell kayak is well worth considering.

The Cons

Not Particularly Light

Wood, plastic or fiberglass all differ in weight, but hardshell kayaks are all heavier than inflatable kayaks regardless. Carrying them to and from the water (as well as from the house to the car) can sometimes be a two-man job. They are not as easy or convenient as inflatable kayaks in that respect.

Hardshell kayaks usually have a lower weight threshold than inflatable kayaks so you need to be aware of this when picking gear to take with you.

Storage & Transport

Unlike their inflatable cousins, hardshell kayaks cannot and will not change shape or size. You therefore need to take storage and transportation into account. Do you have space for a kayak in your apartment, garage or storage space? Can you fit a roof rack on your car?

Dragging Heavy Kayak

Dragging Heavy Kayak

If you have the means (and are committed enough to kayaking) to make this work, it is by no means a deal breaker. But it is something to take into account.

Maintenance & Durability

Generally speaking, hardshell kayaks require more maintenance and upkeep than inflatable kayaks. Without the rubber exterior and flexible materials of inflatable kayaks, hardshells are more susceptible to bumps, knocks and scrapes.

Once again, wood, plastic and fiberglass vary in durability and maintenance requirements. Wood requires more maintenance in general whereas plastic is more resilient and less likely to get damaged. However, when plastic does get damaged, it is more expensive to repair.

Fiberglass is the most resilient of the three materials and is less likely to require repairs but what you save in maintenance and repairs, you will pay for upfront when purchasing the kayak.

Hardshell vs Inflatable: The Conclusion

As you can see, there are pros and cons to both types of kayak and both can provide a fun and safe time on various types of water.

Inflatables pack down small and can be taken anywhere any time, whilst hardshells require more thought and preparation (roof racks etc). Inflatable kayaks can be harder to control (especially in rough waters) but offer more stability than hardshells.

For a beginner looking for an all-round kayak for predominantly calm waters, perhaps an inflatable is best for you. If you’re a seasoned kayaker with access to a garage and don’t want to spend time inflating and deflating your boat, you may want to stick to a hardshell kayak.

Once you’ve decided between inflatables and hardshells, there are plenty of fantastic, high-performing models to choose from in both categories. So don’t panic - the right kayak is out there just waiting for you.

What type of kayak do you have, and why do you prefer it? Tell us about it below...

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